SCORE

South Carolina Oyster Restoration and Enhancement
South Carolina Department of Natural Resources

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Site Descriptions

SCORE Restoration Sites

For additional pictures of SCORE sites and activities visit our PicasaWeb site.

Site Built Location Condition
Alberta Long 2002 Charleston, across Halsey Blvd from Mason Prep School This site has lower than average recruitment but better than average growth of oysters.
Alhambra Hall 2011,12,13 Alhambra Hall, Mt. Pleasant, SC Constructed in multiple years beginning in 2011 by students from Moultrie Middle School and Wando High School with support from SC State Ports Authority and the Town of Mt. Pleasant.
Ashley River 2012,13,14 Ashley River across from Brittle Bank Park Constructed in multiple years beginning in 2012 by Summerville Saltwater Anglers, students from College of Charleston and students and family from Mason Prep.
Battery Creek 2010, 2011 Battery Creek near Port Royal Click here for pictures.
Bears Bluff 2008 and 2009 Wadmalaw Island at Bears Bluff Hatchery Reef built in spring of 2008 and expanded 2009, 2013
Beaufort Marine Institute

2003, 2008, 2009, 2014

 

Beaufort Marine Institute This site has not been formally assessed but observation suggests the reefs are mostly silted over. Water monitoring data is available for this site. Click here for site photos.
Boone Hall 2003-07-11 Boone Hall Plantation, Mount Pleasant, SC (at cotton dock) This site has not yet been assessed to determine how the reefs are doing.
Bowens Island 2001, 2003, 2004 Folly Creek, James Island, SC (in front of Bowens Island Restaurant) This site was constructed in 2001 and expanded in 2003 with help from Peer Express. In 2005 an additional reef was built  with Mike Rowe from DIRTY JOBS! This site has better than average recruitment and early growth of oysters, but there are fewer than expected large oysters. Either growth or survival may be compromised at this site. Water monitoring data is available for this site.
Boy Scout Camp Ho Non Wah 2001, 2002, 2006 Boy Scout Camp Ho Non Wah, Wadmalaw Island, SC (to the right of fishing pier) This site has average recruitment and growth of oysters. Rapid erosion of highland has been smothering two of the three reefs with sand. In response, modifications were made in 2002 that included the addition of vertical (stump) bags and an elevated rear row, both of which resulted in improvements.This site was expanded in 2006 with the addition of three new reefs. As of Spring 2006, marsh grass is growing in significantly behind the reefs.
Callawassie Island 2001, 2002 Callawassie Creek, Callawassie Island, SC (near the Sugar Mill Park dock) This site has below average recruitment and average growth of oysters. Heavy siltation at this site has almost smothered the reefs completely. Remedial actions taken in 2002 have not helped.
Cape Romain  2002 Hickory Bay, Charleston County, SC (on the Bulls Island Ferry track) AmeriCorps volunteers built this site in 2002.  This site has better than average recruitment and growth of oysters. It was assessed in Fall 2005 and had large oysters and evidence of multiple size classes. Some water monitoring data is available for this site.
Cape Romain2  2007 on main ferry track going to Bulls Island Built by AmeriCorps NCCC and visiting church group
Cape Romain "Island in the Stream"  2008 on main ferry track going to Bulls Island not yet assessed
Cape Romain AICW  2014,15,16,17 AICW near Graham Creek built by students from VMI and Old Dominion and other volunteers
Chowan Creek 2002 Chowan Creek, Saint Helena Island, SC Built 2002 by BMI. This site was subject to excessive siltation which completely smothered the reef in the first year. This site is no longer monitored.
Coosaw Cut (Hutchinson Island) 2007,2009,2011-2017 Along the Intracoastal Waterway in the ACE Basin adjacent to Hutchinson Island This site was subject to extreme erosion due to boat wakes and current. Oyster recruitment growth at this site is excellent.. Saltmarsh is expanding and stabilizing behind the reefs. Originally built by volunteers from BMI and Sun City, this reef has been expanded almost yearly by volunteers largely from area schools.
Daniel Island 2010 Wando River, left of fishing pier along nature trail Built with stimulus money 2010. Click here for site pictures.
Dataw Island 2001, 2003, 2004, 2010 Morgan River, Dataw Island, SC (near Dataw Island golf course) This site has average recruitment and growth of oysters. This site was modified in 2002 by adding bags on top of a reef which had silted in badly and elevating the back row of one reef. The site was expanded in 2003 and 2004. Siltation occurring behind the reefs is providing an avenue for marsh expansion. As of Spring 2006, marsh grass has grown up behind the original reefs. Water monitoring data is available for this site.
Edisto Click here for site photos. 2002, 2003, 2006, 2008-2014 Big Bay Creek at Edisto Beach State Park, Edisto Island, SC (between Live Oak boat landing and the ACE Basin Interpretive Center ) This site was expanded in 2003, 2006,2008, and 2009. This site has average recruitment and above average early growth of oysters. However there are no large oysters on the reefs which are now 2 and 3 years old, suggesting that there may be high mortality of the older oysters. Oyster drills (a boring snail) are often found in high numbers on these reefs. The marsh and adjacent highland behind the reefs are eroding. As a result, the rear portions of the reefs are being smothered with sand. The 2006 additions include an experimental treatment with the shell bags elevated on wooden pallets.
Fort Johnson Click here to see photos of the site. 2001 through 2014 Fort Johnson, James Island, SC (at the Marine Resources Research Institute)

Water monitoring data is available for this site. These reefs were the site of extensive fish sampling in summer 2009. Check out the photos at our photo gallery

Students Today Leaders Forever has helped expand the reefs in several years.

Hobcaw CreekSee photos of the site. 2009 Hobcaw Creek, Mount Pleasant, SC The SCORE reefs are just off the Wando River, right around the corner from the State Ports Authority Wando terminal. A large scale reef abuts the SCORE reefs. Built for the State Ports Authority mitigation.
Horseshoe Creek 2004- Horseshoe Creek, Murrells Inlet, SC The SCORE reefs are located within a larger scale shell planting. This site has high boat and personal water craft traffic. This site has better than average growth and recruitment.
Hunting Island Click here for site photos. 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010 Fripp Inlet near Nature Center on Hunting Island. This site includes an experimental treatment elevating the bags on wooden pallets. Early observations suggest high recruitment at this site. Interpretive sign located on fishing pier.
Huntington Beach State Park 2003 Huntington Beach State Park, Murrells Inlet, SC (near education center pier) This site has not yet been assessed to determine how the reefs are doing.
Kiawah 2004, 2006 Bass Creek, Kiawah Island, SC (on Ocean Course Road across from Willet Pond) This site has below average recruitment and average growth. Severe erosion behind the reefs is causing the back rows to be smothered. In 2006 bags were added to the back row to provide more elevation and gaps between the reefs were filled in so that it is one solid footprint.
McClellanville 2001, 2002 Jeremy Creek, McClellanville, SC (to the right of the town boat landing) This site has poor recruitment and average growth of oysters. Siltation at this site tends to smother most oyster recruits early on, but those that survive usually do well. To help counter the effects of siltation, in 2002, the reefs were pressure washed and vertical (stump) bags and higher intertidal bags were added. These measures have made some improvement, but the natural low slope of this site is the probable contributor to continued siltation. Water monitoring data is available for this site.
Memorial Waterfront Park Mt. Pleasant 2008 Mt. Pleasant at foot of Ravenel Bridge

Not yet assessed.

See pictures of building the reef.

Murrells - Oyster Landing 2001, 2003 Oaks Creek, Murrells Inlet, SC (near Oyster [Clambank] Landing) This site has average recruitment and above average growth of oysters. The site was expanded in 2003. This site was evaluate in 2004 to determine success. It had the largest oysters of 5 sites tested and clear evidence of multiple year classes, indicating continuing recruitment. This site is judged to be successful. Water monitoring data is available for this site.
Palmetto - Main Fishing Pier 2001, 2002, 2003 Palmetto Islands County Park, Mount Pleasant, SC (between the fishing piers) This site has better than average recruitment and growth of oysters. This site was expanded in 2002, and in 2003 was extended to cover the entire shoreline between the two fishing piers. The reefs at this site have retarded shoreline erosion has now grown forward into the reefs. In one spot marsh grass has grown forward about 8 meters! The reefs were assessed in 2004 and 2005 to evaluate success. The reefs had dense populations of oysters representing multiple size classes. These reefs are successful. Water monitoring data is available for this site.
Patriots Point 2004 Patriots Point Naval Museum, Mount Pleasant, SC (to the left of the main pier as you approach the USS Yorktown) This site was expanded in 2005 and 2006. This site has above average recruitment but below average growth. Water monitoring data is available for this site.
Pawleys Island 2001 Pritchard Street Landing, Pawleys Island , SC This site has poor recruitment and growth of oysters. The pattern of water flow at this site results in a stagnant area over the reefs and siltation tends to smother most oyster recruits. In response to these conditions, in 2002, vertical (stump) bags and bags preset with hatchery-reared oysters were added. This site was assessed in 2006. The main reefs are still not doing well but the vertical bags have dense populations of oysters and mussels.
Pinckney Landing 2001, 2002, 2003 C.C. Haigh, Jr. Landing, Pinckney Island, SC (behind fishing pier) The site was modified in 2002 to counter sedimentation and was expanded in 2003. When assessed in 2004, this site did not have any large oysters and in fact the 3 year old reefs were no more developed than the 1 year old reefs. The cause of this poor performance is not known. Water monitoring data is available for this site.
Pinckney Refuge 2001 Pinckney Island National Wildlife Refuge, Pinckney Island, SC This small demonstration site has not been assessed to determine how the reefs are doing. It serves primarily as an interpretive exhibit for visitors of the wildlife refuge.
Port Royal 2003, 2006 The Sands boat landing, Port Royal, SC (behind boardwalk) This site has average recruitment and average growth. This site is subject to intense wave action, which washes shell and sand across the reefs. This tends to smother young oysters and inhibit growth. This site was expanded in 2006 and treatments using bags elevated on pallets were included.
Riverland Terrace 2004, 2005, 2007 Plymouth Avenue Park, Charleston, SC (to the left of Riverland Terrace boat ramp) This site has below average recruitment and average growth. This site was expanded in 2005 and 2007 but is scheduled to be completely redone as part of a shoreline stabilization project in 2010-2011. Water monitoring data is available for this site.
Rockville 2001 Sea Island Yacht Club, Wadmalaw Island, SC (next to boat ramp) This site has above-average recruitment and average growth of oysters. Modifications were made to this site in 2002 to compensate for heavy siltation. Siltation behind the reefs is providing an avenue for marsh expansion. Due to a large fetch (the distance along open water over which the wind blows), this site is hammered by wind-driven waves. It is also subject to heavy boat traffic during fishing tournaments. Nonetheless in Spring 2006 there is evidence that the marsh is growing in behind the reefs.
Sol Legare 2002 Sol Legare boat landing, James Island, SC This one-reef site has better than average recruitment and average growth of oysters, even though it has experienced heavy siltation since initial construction. Oysters that were not smothered have grown rapidly.
SC Aquarium 2001-06-01 Cooper River, Charleston, SC (between SC Aquarium and Fort Sumter tour boat facility) This site had better than average recruitment of oysters in the first year, but has had low recruitment in subsequent years. Oyster growth at this site is below average and is decreasing each year. This is likely due to high mortality and scouring by shifting sands, which may actually erode the shell. Water monitoring data is available for this site.
Trask Boat Landing 2002-2010 Colleton River at H.E. Trask, Sr. Landing, Bluffton, SC. Click here for site pictures Originally constructed 2002 and expanded in subsequent years.  This site has average recruitment and growth of oysters.  Marsh is beginning to grow behind some of the reefs. This site was reassessed in 2005 and showed evidence of multiple year classes and large oysters. This site is considered successful. Water monitoring data is available for this site.
Waddell Mariculture Center 2002, 2004 Colleton River, Bluffton, SC (near the Waddell Mariculture Center) This site had average recruitment and growth of oysters in its first year. This site was expanded in 2004. When assessed in 2005, Waddell had fewer oysters than other reefs of the same age, but showed evidence of multiple year classes and had large oysters. There is evidence that this site has experienced severe erosion over the years as the adjacent highland is now a bluff above the current river edge. Marsh grass is starting to grow behind the reefs.