Smooth Cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora)

smooth cordgrass

Smooth cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora) is a salt marsh plant, as well as a food source for many organisms.

Smooth cordgrass is a perennial (present year round) wetland grass that dominates the lower part of tidal salt marshes in South Carolina. This abundant salt marsh plant is an integral part of the marsh food web. The seeds of smooth cordgrass are eaten by a number of birds and migratory waterfowl, and the roots are sometimes eaten by wintering geese. The leaves, which die in late fall, decompose into a nutrient-rich food source for many marsh residents, including oysters, shrimps, and crabs.